Well constructed visuals can make your presentation more exciting, effective and memorable. However, in order for the visuals to accomplish this, it is critical that they be properly planned and prepared or they can become a liability rather than an asset. The guidelines on these pages are designed to help you make the most of your visual presentation.
Oral Presentation Instructions
Oral presentations consist of varied time for the presentation of the final paper, which consists of the presentation and a question and answer section. Please include such content as the problem, the background, the innovative approach, the new results, and any comparative evaluation that the author wishes to present.
The presenter is required to bring the presentation on a memory stick to the session to which the paper is assigned. The presentation may also be uploaded to EDAS as a back-up method only.
Each paper is allocated 15 minutes of time--please leave a few minutes at the end for discussion and questions. Presentations should be clearly structured and should contain the essential elements of the accepted formal paper. The presenter should prepare a reasonable number of PowerPoint slides, so as not to exceed the time limit. Typically, 1 slide is presented in 1 minute. Slides should not be overcrowded by text and graphics. Too much text should be avoided. Slides should support the presentation, they should not simply be read by the presenter. Graphics help in communication, are more understandable and point out the basic ideas. Use large fonts so as they are readable without efforts; typically, 20 point fonts should be used.
Please fill out the presenter biography within your EDAS account, before arriving in Krakow. This will help the session chair introduce you during the session.
Poster Presentation Instructions
One poster board 1.2 m (tall) x 2.4 m (wide) will accommodate two posters, each poster will be 1 m x 1 m.
Therefore, the maximum usable area for each poster should be 1 m x 1 m.
Publishing Your Paper
All accepted papers are expected to be presented. If the primary author or co-author(s) are not able to attend due to extenuating circumstances, a substitute presenter should be found.
If authors like to post their papers electronically on any web site, any ftp site, or any other electronic dissemination technique, they must include the IEEE Copyright notice on the initial screen displaying the IEEE-copyrighted material. Additional information is available here.
ANY PAPER NOT PRESENTED AT IST 2018 WILL NOT BE INCLUDED IN THE OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS PUBLISHED IN IEEE XPLORE.
- Keep it simple. It is easier for the audience if you use three simple visuals than a single complex one.
- Keep your audience in mind when designing your visual aids. What terminology will they understand? What examples have meaning for them?
- Proofread very carefully. Try to have someone else proof in addition to yourself. It is hard to overlook errors when they are magnified in front of an audience. Remember, even a small error in such a focal part of your program can undermine the credibility of your entire presentation.
- Fonts should be clear and easy to read. Use Helvetica or similar sans serif fonts. Decorative fonts are not recommended. Use only one typeface per visual. Add variety by using different sizes and bolding title lines.
- Colored fonts should have a dark background (dark blue is best) with primary titles in either yellow or white and secondary titles in the remaining color. Details should be shown in clear bright, light contrasting colors. Use no more than three colors per visual.
- Avoid using shades of the background color for titles or details.
- Avoid commercial endorsements. A photograph of apparatus which incidentally includes a trade name is allowed, but a table comparing attributes of identified vendor’s products will not be allowed. There is much gray area in between these two examples; discuss any concerns you may have with your session chair. The display of the logo of the company with which you are associated is restricted for use to the first and last PowerPoint slides or visuals (usually the title slide). This restriction applies to logos of educational institutions as well.
- Test your presentation ahead of time. Make sure it is easy to read from an appropriate distance, and that everything is in the proper order.
The text (or word) portion of presentations is used to state facts or objectives. When lines of text alone do not illustrate your point, a chart, graph or graphic might be more appropriate.
- Avoid using more than six or seven words (30–40 characters) per line, six or seven lines per visual. Make sure type is well spaced and not crowded.
- Eliminate words that do not add meaning, for example: the, an, etc.
- Avoid complete sentences. Use bulleted phrases.
- Be consistent in grammatical construction of lists; for example, use all verbs or use all noun phrases.
- Use 36 point type for all titles, and for the text of visual aids to be used in very large rooms.
- Use at least 18 point type for the main text in other than the largest rooms.
- Use bullets at beginning of lines to separate ideas.
- Use functions in PowerPoint that allow you to build information, bullet by bullet, on a slide, to keep the audience from reading ahead.
Use title pages to introduce new topics or add special emphasis to a very important point. The best titles are a few simple lines in large type.
Graphs, Charts and Diagrams
Tabular charts are used to show raw data and numerical relationships. Use only a few key examples on the visual to illustrate your point.
Bar graphs are used to show absolute data or relationships and comparisons. Be sure to include scales and values. Be sure the type is legible.
Pie charts are good for illustrating percentage relationships or parts of a whole. No more than eight segments are recommended.
Line graphs are ideal for illustrating trends or performance over time. Your scale should include significant dates and milestones. Graphs should include no more than three lines. In black and white visuals, the lines should be distinctly different, e.g., dashed, solid, dots, etc. In color visuals, the lines should be easily differentiated colors which contrast well with the background.
Block or Process Diagrams
Block or process diagrams are good for illustrating structural relationships and designs. Graphics of this type show how each piece contributes to the whole. Avoid overcrowding. Limit your chart to no more than 10 simple geometric shapes and titles connected by lines and arrows.
IST 2019 papers often contain electrical one-line diagrams which are an integral part of a technical discussion. You should limit applying these to needed segments of a system to make them legible to the audience.
Good quality photographic visuals can make a major contribution to your presentation. Be extra careful with photographs: they must be very crisp and clear, with high contrast between light and dark areas. Do not superimpose text over the image. If text is needed on the visual, it should be placed in areas that have been cleared of the image. Be sure to test your photos, projecting them to the size they will be when used to ensure that they are clear and easily recognizable.